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新编英语文体学教程课后答案

新编英语文体学教程课后答案篇一:文体学答案

A Ⅱ. Read the following short passages and answer the questions or do the assignment that follow (40 points).

Question 1: a. lexical differences (5 points): length, formality b. syntactic differences(5 points): length, structure Question 2: sample 2:oral, informal (2 points)

sample 3: formal, written(2 points)

sample 1: the style is between that ofsample1&2

Question 3: antithesis (2 points): not that……but that……

Rhetorical question (2 points): had you……to live all

freemen?

Parallelism: complete parallelism (2 points): as…I…

partial parallelism (2 points):tears for his love, joy

for his fortune……

repetition:(2 points)if any, speak, for him have I offended

Question 4(10 points):

without you have read=if you have not read 2 points that ain’t no matter=that isn’t matter 2 points I never seen= I have never seen 2 points Without it was Aunt Polly=it was not Aunt Polly 2 pointsAunt Polly and Mary, and the widow Douglas is all told= Aunt Polly and Mary, and the widow Douglas are all told Question 5(5 points): lower class, less educated

III. Read the following passages and analyze the stylistic features of the following passages (30 points). 1. total: 15 points

1) lexical(5 points): word length; word color; structure of

noun/verb group

2) syntactic(5 points): structure & type, tense, length

3) textual(5 points): news report; inverted pyramid;

paragraphing; inverted commas 2. total: 15 points

1) lexical (5 points): technical terms; word length; word color; structure of noun/verb group

2)syntactic (5 points): tense, structure, length, passive voice 3) textual (5 points): research abstract; goal; method;

result/conclusion

IV. Read the poem below and analyze its language and style (10 points).

1. phonological(3 points): iambic tetrameter; rhyme scheme

(aabb ccdd )

2. lexical(2 points): common words with one syllable and two

syllables

3. syntactic(2 points): using coordinated sentence structure to

weave contrasting ideas or elicit action.

4. theme(3 points): describing the miserable life of British

people and giving them suggestions.

B

Ⅱ. Read the following short passages and answer the questions or do the assignment that follow (40 points).

Question 1: a. lexical differences (5 points): length, formality b. syntactic differences(5 points): length, structure Question 2: sample 2:oral, informal (2 points)

sample 3: formal, written(2 points)

sample 1: the style is between that ofsample1&2

Question 3: antithesis (2 points): not that……but that……

Rhetorical question (2 points): had you……to live all

freemen?

Parallelism: complete parallelism (2 points): as…I…

partial parallelism (2 points):tears for his love, joy

for his fortune……

repetition:(2 points)if any, speak, for him have I offended

Question 4(10 points):

without you have read=if you have not read 2 points that ain’t no matter=that isn’t matter 2 points I never seen= I have never seen 2 points Without it was Aunt Polly=it was not Aunt Polly 2 pointsAunt Polly and Mary, and the widow Douglas is all told= Aunt Polly and Mary, and the widow Douglas are all told Question 5(5 points): lower class, less educated

III. Read the following passages and analyze the stylistic features of the following passages (30 points). 1. total: 15 points

1) lexical(5 points): word length; word color; structure of

noun/verb

新编英语文体学教程课后答案

group

2) syntactic(5 points): structure & type, tense, length

3) textual(5 points): news report; inverted pyramid;

paragraphing; inverted commas 2. total: 15 points

1) lexical (5 points): technical terms; word length; word color; structure of noun/verb group

2)syntactic (5 points): tense, structure, length, passive voice 3) textual (5 points): research abstract; goal; method;

result/conclusion

IV. Read the poem below and analyze its language and style (10 points).

1. phonological(2 points): main metrical pattern (iambic

pentameter), rhyme scheme (abab )

2. lexical(2 points): common words with one syllable and two

syllables

3. syntactic(2 points): simple coordinated sentence structure 4. theme(4 points): living to love nature and pursue art rather

than strive for fame and fortune

新编英语文体学教程课后答案篇二:英语文体学 1

English Stylistics

英语文体学

Course Introduction

Course title: English Stylistics

Course hours: 2 per week, 34 in total

Assessment:

1. Attendance

2. After-class preparation for related topics

3. In-class performance and involvement

4. Quiz

5. Final exam

Teaching Objectives:

Have a systematic knowledge of the features of different varieties of language

Make appropriate use of language in our communication

Familiarize ourselves with the stylistic features of the different gees of literature

Deepen our understanding and appreciation of literary works

Offer useful ideas on translation and language teaching

Textbook: English Stylistics(英语文体学)

Other reference books:

Introduction to English Stylistics《英语文体学引论》(丁往道 王佐良)

Essentials of English Stylistics 《英语文体学要略》 (王守元) Practical English Rhetoric《实用英语修辞》(吕煦)

English Stylistics: A New Course book 《新编英语文体学教程》(董启明)

Course content:

本课程从英语学习的实际要求出发介绍有关英语文体和语体的基础知识,属于普通文体学的范畴。我们讨论的重点是英语中已经形成的各种变体,例如因交际媒介不同而形成的口语语体和书面语体;因语言的使用领域不同而形成的各种功能变体(广告语体、新闻语体、法律语体、会话语体、科技语体等);因交际者双方关系不同而形成的正式语体和非正式语体等。

Chapter 1 The Concern of Stylistics

Definition of Style

Origin: Style originates from a Latin word stilus, it means:

An instrument made of metal, bone, etc., having one end sharp ended for incising letters on a wax tablet, and the other flat and broad for smoothing the tablet and erasing what is written: = stylus

Different understandings of style nowadays:

Style may refer to a person?s distinctive language habits. Eg. ?Shakespeare?s style?, ?Hemingway?s style?, ?Lu Xun?s style?, etc..

Style may refer to a set of collective characteristics of language use, i.e. language habits shared by a group of people at a given time, as

?Elizabethan style?, ?Yankee humor?.

Style may refer to the effectiveness of a mode of expression. “Saying the right thing in the most effective way”.

Style may refer solely to a characteristic of ?good? or ?beautiful? literary writing.

Style may be seen as the various characteristic uses of language that a person or group of persons make in various social contexts.

文体又可理解为风格,既可指一个作家运用语言的特色,又可指某个时代盛行的文风;既可指某种语篇体裁的语言特征,又可指某篇作品的语言格调和表现风格。狭义的文体指文学文体;广义的文体则指包括文学文体在内的各种语言变体。

Definition of Stylistics

It is a discipline that studies the sum of stylistic features characteristic of the different varieties of language. It includes:

The situational features that influence variations in language use

The criterion for the classification of language variety

The description and interpretation of the linguistic features and functions of the main varieties of language

Stylistics is a branch of linguistics which studies style in a scientific and systematic way concerning the manners and linguistic features of different varieties of language at different levels.

英语文体学是一门运用现代语言学的理论和方法,结合文学理论知

识,研究各种英语变体的学科。

Modern stylistics has two subdivisions: general stylistics and literary stylistics. ?Stylistics? in this book, is general stylistics. (普通文体学和文学文体学)

The relationship between general stylistics and literary stylistics. (see the figure on page2)

Langue and parole(语言和言语):

Langue is the system of rules common to speakers of a particular language.

Parole is the particular uses of this system, or selections from this system, that a person or group of persons will make on this or that occasion.

Style belongs to parole. It consists in choices from the total linguistic repertoire of a particular language.

语言:语言是人类重要的交际工具,也是正常人赖以思维的工具,语言是一种符号系统,它包括语音系统、词汇系统、语法系统。 言语:是人们在交际和活动中应用言语的过程和产物。

语言是社会生活的客观现象,有规则性;同时,语言的语音系统、词汇系统和语法系统是从全体社会成员言语交际中抽像概括出来的,一经产生就有较大的稳定性,随社会的发展而发展。

言语是心理物理现象,具有个体性和多变性,不仅每个人都有自己的言语风格,而且同一个人在不同的场合其言语的表达方式也不同。联系:

语言和言语又是密切联系的。言语不可能离开语言而存在。离开语言这种工具,人就无法表达自己的思想或意见,也就无法进行交际活动。语言也离不开言语,因为任何一种语言都必须通过人们的言语活动才能发挥其交际工具的作用;一旦某种语言不再被人们用来进行交际,终究要从社会上消失掉。

总之:语言是全民的、概括的、有限的、静态的系统(知识);言语是个人的、具体的、无限的、动态的现象(话语)。

More terms defined:

Language (言语行为)

Actions as carried out through language.

Speech events(言语活动/言语事件):

Social activities in which language plays an important role such as conversation, discussion, lecture, etc..

Aspect of speech events: substance, form and situation

Text(文本)

Verbal communication (either spoken or written) seen as a message coded in a linear pattern of sound waves, or in a linear sequence of visible marks on paper.

Language functions:

Ideational or referential function(表达说话者经验的概念功能)

Interpersonal or expressive/social function(表达说话者态度、评价以及

新编英语文体学教程课后答案篇三:文体学的教案,

■Course: English Stylistics

■Time: Sep.6-30

■Course material: English Stylistics: A New Course Book《新编英语文体学教程》董启明编著 外语教学与研究出版社

■Teaching procedure: Part OneTheoretical Preliminaries(理论预备) and Major Varieties(主要变体)of English

Chapter 1 Style and Stylistics

1.1 Introduction

1. What is Language? And in which aspects of language does stylistics focus on?

A. Language is the primary object of the study of linguistics, and linguists construct theories of language in general or of particular languages from differing points of view. The discussion of the concepts of style should focus on some essential aspects of language on which most linguists agree.

B. Language is viewed as a system of different types of linguistic organization such as phonology, syntax and lexicon. The English language consists of its pattern of sounds, sets of grammatical rules and a large body of vocabulary.

C. Language is also a social phenomenon, or institution, whereby people communicate and interact with each other. A language of a particular society is part of the society’s culture. Language activities operate within social activities. The language of a participant in a social activity reflects his social characteristics (such as his status, ethnic group, age and sex). It also reflects his awareness of the various factors of a social situation in which he finds himself. He should adjust his language in accordance with the medium of communication (speech or writing), the setting (private or public), the relationship with the addressee (in terms of the degree of intimacy or social distance), and the purpose (to inform, to persuade, etc.).

2. Varieties 变体 of Language(variety=style)

A. Varieties in relation to regions---- British/American English

B. Varieties in relation to media----Spoken English/Written English

C. Varieties in relation to attitude----degrees of formality/politeness/ impersonality/accessibility

D. Varieties in relation to social factors----Women’s English/Black English/Taboo and Euphemism

E. Varieties in relation to social Gee----The English of Conversation / Public speaking / News reporting/Advertising/Literary English (The Novel/Poetry)/ Science and Technology/Legal Documents

3. Varieties analysis theory----Stylistics (文体学)

★Essence of stylistics : Appropriate use of language is considered the key to effective communication.

e.g. How to suck an egg? (Example and Analysis: Page 3)

★Analysis : The difference lies in the fact that the young student used some big and formal words, such as perforation(齿孔,hole) ,apex (顶点,最高点 top), aperture(小孔,缝隙,opening), inhaling(吸气) discharged(流出), which made her utterance difficult to understand, especially by an old woman without much education,while the old woman used informal words, such as gal, hole, end and suck. As a result, her utterance is easy to understand.

★Note: Different styles should be used on different occasions, and the key to the effective use of language is “”, and the key to is 1.2 Definitions of Style/Stylistics/Text

1. Text

Definition: A TEXT is any passage, spoken or written, of whatever length, that forms a unified whole. It may be the product of a single speaker/writer (e.g. a sign, a letter, a news report, a statue, a novel), or that of several speakers (e.g. a piece of conversation, a debate).

For example,

Two boys stood near a jeweller’Analysis:

A text is realized by a sequence of language units, whether they are sentences or not. The connection among parts of a text is achieved by various cohesive devices, and by semantic and pragmatic implication. In the text you may notice the following modifications, which serve as 1) grammatical cohesive devices:

(a) the use of the definite article on second mention, e.g.(b) the substitution of pronouns for nouns. e.g.

two boys---- they

(c) the use of conjunction. e.g.

They ran after him, because…

2) the lexical cohesion in the text is realized by the collocation of the words that are in some way or other typically associated with one another, e.g. steal all the watches; took him for a thief

2. Style

Definition—Manners indicating prominent linguistic features, devices or patterns, most (at least) frequently occur in a particular text of a particular variety of language.

Analysis:①Manners (appropriateness) [Study Aims]

indicating prominent

a) linguistic features (phonological /lexical /syntactic /grammatical/semantic features),

b) devices (device markers) or

c) Patterns(文体/语体常规“型式”) [Study Scope]

③most (or least) frequently occur (words/sentences percentage) [Study Approach]

in a particular

④ text(语篇、篇章、文本) of a particular

⑤ variety of language. [Study Material]

2. Stylistics

Definition----Stylistics is a branch of linguistics which studies style in a scientific way concerning the manners/linguistic features of different varieties of language at different levels.

? which studies style [Study

Approach] concerning the manners/linguistic features [Study Aims] of different varieties of language [Study Scopes] at different levels [Study Scopes].

1.4 The Development of Stylistics

《文心雕龙 · 刘勰》摘录

? 《说文》云:“体,总十二属也,从骨。”即体的本义指人体骨骼系统,有整体构成之义,象

喻思维模式中,文体的语言结构可以借此喻示。

? 在《情采》等篇中,刘勰的文体思想主要涉及文体的情理本质、篇章结构、声律结

构、章句结构及丽辞结构等五个方面。

? 《情采》赞云:“言以文远,诚哉斯验。心术既形,英华乃赡。”言指文体语言结构,文指

舒布文采,心术指为文之用心,英华为文采同义语。刘勰认为:文采以文心为本。由于情理是主体的心脑功能,这等于说作为语言结构的文体以主体情理为本,情采即情理文采的概念由此生成。

1.5 The Scope of Study

1. General Stylistics

General stylistics studies different varieties of language. For example, according to field of discourse, with the related functions of language used in different gees(文学作品类型), novels, poetry, scientific treatises协议条约, and legal documents.

2. Literary Stylistics

Literary Stylistics studies variations characteristic of different literary gees----poetry, novels, drama, etc., with the purpose of promoting literary texts as communicative acts.

3. Theoretical Stylistics

Theoretical Stylistics studies the theories, the origin, the trend, and the historical development of stylistics as well as characteristics of different branch of stylistics.